November 2010 archive

All About Flour

All Purpose Flour (Plain Flour) 低筋面粉

The name from it will definitely tell you that you can use it for all purpose.

I would say all purpose flour is close to “plain flour” .  you can use it for almost any baking purposes.

In the market, you can find bleached and unbleached label.

Bleached flour has less protein and is suitable for making crust or cookies.

Unbleached flour are naturally bleached where is good for making pastry, pudding, cream, cake.

Whole -wheat Flour (Whole-meal Flour) 全麥面粉

It contains higher fiber and more nutrient as it has whole kernel wheat that mixed with plain flour.

Due to the presence of wheat germs, it is advice to store wheat flour tightly sealed and preferable refrigerator.

High Protein Flour(Bread Flour) 高筋面粉

High Protein means high gluten content in flour.  This flour is suitable for making yeast bread.

Self-Rising Flour 自发面粉

Self Rising Flour is plain flour with salt and baking powder content.  Normally will be suitable for muffin, cakes or biscuits.

Wheat Toast

20cmX10cmX10cm wheat bread

20cmX10cmX10cm wheat bread

Making bread is my weekly routine now.  Below are my sharing for this.


100g Tang Zhong (water raox)

250g bread flour (high protein flour)

60g wheat flour

30g fine sugar

1 egg

¾ tspn instant yeast

80g cold milk

30g butter

Some plain flour for kneading


Tangzhong starter / Water roux

A Tangzhong starter / Water roux starter is a mixture of flour and water.

Ratio of bread flour : water (1:5)

Why Water roux?
Heating up the mixture of bread flour(high protein flour) with fluid will bring out the gelatin of starch in flour to absorbed more water in bread making.

Why using starch gelatin?

Soften Bread

Bread elastic

Prolong freshness